The spinning machine twists many animal and plant fibers together into threads or yarns, which can be used to weave into cloth. The first spinning machine was very simple in structure and was used in the 14th century. After the 18th century, people invented better spinning machines.
The earliest spinning tools were very simple, including only a spindle and a reel. By rotating the spindle like a top, the loose fibers can be twisted into yarn, which is then wound on the reel. This primitive tool was modified by the Indians to make a spinning wheel, which replaced the manual rotating spindle with machinery, but only one yarn could be spun.
Modern spinning machines first appeared in the UK. One day in 1764, the British weaver Hargrevos and his wife were working at home, one spinning and the other weaving. At that time, they were using hand-cranked spinning wheels. Hargrevos accidentally knocked over the spinning wheel, so Hargrevos made it by himself according to his own ideas. After repeated trials and improvements, he finally created a 4 wooden legs with a rotating shaft under the machine. There are sliding rails on the machine and a spinning machine with 8 vertical spindles.
Hargrevos named the new machine after his daughter "Jenny". The "Jenny Spinning Machine" was quickly adopted by various factories, which fundamentally alleviated the "yarn shortage" that once plagued the British textile industry. The invention of the "Jenny Spinning Machine" occupies an important position in the history of British textiles. Engels once called it "the first invention that fundamentally changed the conditions of British workers."
In 1769, the British inventor Charlie Ackrighton invented the "hydraulic spinning machine" with a water wheel driving a belt and obtained a patent for the invention. The "Hydraulic Spinning Machine" is more efficient than the "Jenny Spinning Machine", and the yarn spun is strong and compact.
In 1779, Crompton's spinning machine was invented successfully. Crompton is also an Englishman. He has worked as a weaver and used the "Jenny Spinning Machine" and is familiar with its shortcomings. After several years of painstaking research, Crompton finally built a "travel spinning machine".
In 1828, the Americans invented the "Ring Spinning Machine." On this type of machine, the roving is conveyed by a drum with faster and faster speeds, so that the roving is drawn into a finer yarn, and then the yarn is twisted on the bobbin by the rotating traveler. The "ring spinning method" is commonly used in modern spinning industry.
In 1965, the Czechs created a new, faster spinning machine called the "rotor spinning machine". Its basic component is a rotor with a speed of up to 60,000 revolutions per minute, and its yarn production speed is 6 times that of a ring spinning machine. In the 1970s, many countries have adopted this spinning machine.